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Vet Surgeon Jobs: What Type of Medical and Surgical Treatment do They Offer?

Just as with human medicine, there are several techniques veterinarians use in order to improve your pet’s health. Your vet will be able to appropriately diagnose your animal's condition and adv...

Vet Surgeon Jobs: What Type of Medical and Surgical Treatment do They Offer?

Just as with human medicine, there are several techniques veterinarians use in order to improve your pet’s health. Your vet will be able to appropriately diagnose your animal's condition and advise on a course of treatment based on your pet's symptoms, age, medical record, species, behaviour as well as your preferences for them.

Your veterinarian will be able to carry out certain treatments, but in more complicated scenarios, your pet may have to be referred to a veterinary specialist with more extensive experience and a specific skill set.

With this in mind, here in this blog, we are going to explore the many types of medical treatments a vet can offer your animal.

A vet surgeon's job: What is the process for seeking treatment?

Medicinal treatments

In specific circumstances, veterinarians will advise medicinal treatments for animals. Some of the most common drug treatments for pets include:


These are frequently used to eliminate parasitic worms, which infest their systems and steal important nutrients from the body.

Dermatological treatments 

Oral, topical, or injected medications can be used to treat common skin and ear conditions in pets.

Central nervous system treatment

Drugs such as aminocaproic acid or potassium bromide can be prescribed to support animals suffering from seizures or epilepsy.

Respiratory drugs

A range of medications can be used for animals who are suffering from respiratory issues. For example, a veterinarian might prescribe inhaled or oral steroids to assist animals suffering from asthma or other disorders that cause wheezing.


These medications support animals' systems to fight infection and disease. They can be used once an illness is diagnosed, or a veterinarian might prescribe them preventively before surgery.

Kidney medicine 

Lots of animals are prone to kidney issues and these treatments can help slow or stop the progress of these disorders.

Ophthalmological medication

Oral medications or eye drops can be used to treat infection and other ocular issues, for example, cataracts and glaucoma.

Behavioural modification treatment

If your animal appears neurotic, obsessive, or particularly aggressive and other treatments have not worked, your veterinarian may prescribe behavioural modifiers like antidepressants or antipsychotics.

Cardiovascular treatments

These can be used to treat many conditions relating to heart or blood vessels.

Hormone medications

Veterinarians often prescribe these to assist animals with reproductive issues.


These medications are available to help animals with chronic conditions or those recovering from major procedures.


These chemical compounds can help destroy cancer cells.

Vitamins and Supplements

Just like people, animals can occasionally benefit from taking vitamins and supplements, nutrients and organic compounds that can help strengthen bodily function. Veterinarians most often recommend them for ageing animals or those with long-term chronic conditions, but any animal can take these oral, topical, or injected substances.


These can help balance an animal's diet and their overall nutrition.


These help support digestive function.

Supplements for arthritis

Glucosamine, calcium, green tea, and vitamin-E can help your pet’s joints function well.


These can help support symptoms of ageing and reduce animals' risk of developing cancer.


Omega-3 fatty acids

These healthy oils can make animals' fur thicker and more healthy, as well as limiting excessive shedding.

Weight Management

Research indicates that nearly 60 percent of cats and dogs may be overweight. Animals typically become obese due to overfeeding, lack of sufficient exercise. Being overweight may predispose animals to joint issues, diabetes, heart disease, digestive problems, liver disorders, cancer, and other medical issues. In addition, it can lower an animal's longevity as well as their overall wellbeing. Pets may also be underweight because of animal anorexia, certain disorders, or psychological issues.

If your pet is experiencing issues with their weight your veterinarian will most likely recommend a customized weight management treatment plan, which will likely include:

Dietary alterations

The key factor in your pet's weight is their diet. Monitoring the amount of fat, protein, and fibre in your animal's food can help it gain or lose weight.

Increase or decrease in exercise and activity

Occasionally animals can be underweight due to excessive activity and should spend more time resting. Overweight or obese pets will need to be played with, walked, and exercised more rigorously or often.


Your vet may offer drugs that stimulate or suppress an animal's appetite to assist with weight management. Some vitamins and supplements may also achieve this effect.

Veterinary Surgery

Surgical intervention may be needed for pets that experience more severe issues. Varying on the complexity of the case, a general veterinarian or surgical specialist might perform these procedures. Some common veterinary surgeries may include tumour removal, tooth extraction, traumatic injury care often from bites or scratches, or skin condition repair, often for abscesses or ulcers.

Veterinary surgery treatment involves the following:

Diagnostic testing

Veterinarians often use this technique to figure out the root cause of the issue, assess the animal's baseline, and plan the procedure appropriately.


Local or topical anaesthesia can be carried to numb a condensed space when oral or intravenous sedation helps your animal remain calm and comfortable. Some veterinarians may also prescribe muscle relaxants or use massage techniques during a procedure to keep an animal calm.


In the event of an incision, your veterinarian needs to open your animal's skin to modify tissue underneath. They will do so in as minimally invasive a fashion as possible. Varying on the extent of your animal's condition and your doctor's expertise, the incision can be made using a thin blade, small laparoscopic instrument attached to a camera.

Tissue modification

Your veterinarian or surgical specialist might have to remove, adjust, or repair skin, fat, muscle, bone, or other tissue to improve an animal's condition.


Frequent or dissolvable stitches can close the wound for proper healing. Your doctor may also sanitize the site and may place prophylactic antibiotics. Your practitioner will explain the specific aspects of your animal's procedure at your pet's pre-operative consultation.

Vetpro-Recruitment - We can Help you Find the Right Veterinary Job for you

The team at VetPro Recruitment comprises highly experienced recruiters offering a friendly, professional and efficient recruitment experience.

With an extensive database of veterinary surgeons, veterinary nurses, and other veterinary staff, we are able to quickly and efficiently screen the right person for your veterinary practice, whether it be a small animal, equine, or mixed.

We have a database of high-quality veterinary vacancies throughout the UK. we realise that everyone is different, we recognise this, our service is always personal and friendly, and, with our understanding of your job expectations and desires, we are able to quickly secure your next position.

Our service is never intrusive or impersonal. We balance our communication between regular updating phone calls and “hot vacancy” alerts by email, allowing us to inform you of the newest positions as soon as they become available, which is useful during a busy working day.

As a specialist veterinary recruitment company, we offer the latest permanent and contract vacancies. Our teams of skilled veterinary recruiters are dedicated to understanding your needs and skill set to find the best job for you quickly and efficiently. To find out more about the services we offer, please feel free to contact us today, we’d be happy to help with any enquiries you may have.